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How to use the Google Docs Research tool on Android


Google just added a new Research tool to its Docs app on Android. The new tool will allow you to place quotes or images in your documents without leaving the app. This is very handy if you’re working on a longer research project, a party invitation, or a worksheet for students. Here’s how to use the new tool:

Tap on the menu (three dots) in the upper right hand corner and choose the Research option. You will see Google Search load within the Docs app.Google Docs Research tool pulling a quote on Android. Nicole Cozma/CNET Search the Web within the app for your subject. Web and Image results are divided by tabs along the top.For quotes, press and hold on text as you would when copying it in another app. For images just tap on the one you want to use.The Insert button will appear in the top right of the research pane to place the quote or image in your document.

Quotes and images will appear in your document at your cursor’s current location.

While this process is similar to copy and paste, it’s a bit more streamlined since you don’t have to leave the app to grab a quote or image. Perhaps Google could integrate this functionality with Google Books as one of the research tools in the future.

What do you think of the new research tool? What would you like to see added? Add your thoughts in the comments.

For more information on recent updates to Google Docs on the Web, check out Google courts classrooms with updates to Docs, spreadsheets by CNET’s Rich Nieva.

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Google Offers To Give Away Patents To Startups In Its Push Against Patent Trolls

Back in April, Google launched a pop-up, temporary marketplace for companies to sell patents, with Google being the sole buyer. Today, the search and mobile giant is expanding that marketplace in the other direction: Google has started a program for startups to give away up to two non-organic patent families off Google, as well as potentially make offers to buy patents from it in the future. It’s tying up the offer with a requirement to join the LOT Network, a cross-company licensing push (others in the group include Dropbox, SAP and Canon) aimed at driving down the number of patent trolling suits.

If you are interested, you should get in touch quickly. Initially, this will only be open to the first 50 eligible startups.

As for what makes you eligible, there are a few caveats and requirements for startups to qualify to get Google’s patents. First, a company’s 2014 revenues had to be between $500,000 and $20 million.

Then, Google will not let you pick what you would like have. The company says that after you apply, if you meet the revenue requirement, it will send through to you, within 30 days, a list of three to five families of patents, and you can select two of them. “Google will retain a broad, nonexclusive license to all divested assets,” the company notes.

Google tells us that by “non-organic”, it means patents Google has purchased from third parties rather than developed in house. But Kurt Brasch, senior patent licensing manager at Google, tells us that those non-organic patents could still be very central to Google’s business. 

Interestingly, as part of a startup’s application process, even if you don’t end up getting anything, Google says it will give your startup partial access to its own database of patents — presumably covering only non-organic patents.

That in itself can potentially be valuable. “Participants will have access to part of Google’s portfolio and may inquire of us regarding the potential purchase of any such assets,” the company notes. It says it will assess those offers on a case-by-case basis. It seems that those purchases may not hold the same restrictions.

The patents themselves will come with some restrictions. Google says they will only be able to be used defensively — that is, to protect a company against another patent suit, not to file one against another company. If you try to sue based on the patent, ownership reverts back to Google.

And you also have to agree to join the LOT Network for two years before you can buy any patents.

The LOT Network is essentially like a patent owners’ club. Members get free licenses to use patents whenever one of those patents is commercially licensed to a non-member. There are some 325,000 patent assets in the LOT database already, and the idea here is for Google to help the group get stronger, as a way of warding off patent trolls.

While membership usually costs between $1,500 and $20,000 per year (depending on company size), LOT is waiving the fees for two years for startups joining through this program.

Brasch notes that for now none of the other members of the LOT Network will be launching patent transfer programs similar to what Google is doing. “It’s a Google initiative at this point,” he said. 

Google’s moves to transfer and sell off patents comes on the heels of its earlier effort in April to buy patents from third parties, also in a limited offer. Talking for the first time about how that went, Brasch said that Google “considered the experiment quite a success.”

Among the companies who appealed to sell patents were both operating companies but also many patent brokers.

“What that told us was that there is definitely a problem in the secondary market and people in the industry feel it,” he said. “People are looking for a different solution and there are ways for us to do that that could help both buyers and sellers.”

He said that Google paid prices between $3,000 and $250,000 for patents in the period, buying about 28% of the total offered, focusing on “patents that were clearly of interest and relevance” to Google. Those have directly gone into Google’s wider patent portfolio, becoming a part of the non-organic set that is now being offered in parts to interested startups.

Together with today’s news, all this highlights a couple of very interesting developments for the company.

First, it underscores Google’s bigger push in getting more tech companies to collectively act together to fight some of the negative aspects of intellectual property ownership, specifically around lawsuits that are less about safeguarding IP and more about making $$.

Google has been an outspoken and consistent critic of patent trolls, even if it has not been shy in building out its own patent assets and defending them in court.

Second, it’s yet another example of how Google is positioning itself as a broker and portal for all things patent-related.

Just last week Google made a significant upgrade to its patent search features, by incorporating search results from Google Scholar and its prior art database. And although the patent marketplace has been launched on a very limited basis so far, it seems like a good way of testing out features that could potentially be made more permanent in the long run.

Indeed, that’s something that Brasch highlighted, too. “I would expect something else coming out in the future, whether from Google or a broader group of organizations,” he said. On the earlier project to buy patents in April, he noted: “I think what we would ultimately say is that it was a significant success not only in patents but in terms of the information we gleaned. I think something more will happen here.”

More generally, Google has made a lot of headway into verticals like shopping, travel and media. And as the company continues to grow, I would not be surprised to see more vertical search/marketplaces like this crop up.

Updated with correction and clarification: There are two tiers to this program. The first is giving away two patent families for free to qualified startups. The second is potentially purchasing patents from Google beyond this.

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Google patents smart watch with flip-up display that could reveal everyday objects’ secrets


Google patents smartwatch

It looks like Google has considered transferring ideas from Project Glass over to your wrist by patenting a smart watch with a transparent, flip-up touchscreen. If such a device ever came off the USPTO papers, it would present notifications and other info transmitted from your smartphone at a glance, like many,many others now on the market. However, Mountain View’s added a new twist when you’d flip up its bezel — at that point, it’s claimed that the watch could channel a plethora of other Google apps, like Gmail, Goggles, and Maps. Of course, you’d be able to privately view messages inside the bezel, but since the display would also be transparent, you could see through it to landmarks or object around you. According to the patent, you could then be given directions based on GPS coordinates and the buildings “seen” by the watch, while a Goggles-like implementation would be able to identify smaller items in the display. That would let the search giant throw ads or other data about the product your way, giving you the info you need to snap it up — and likely not hurting Google’s bottom line.

As iOS 6 debuts minus YouTube, video apps fight for attention

Support from Apple and a changing YouTube could give apps like Squrl and ShowYou the opportunity they’ve been waiting for.


Squrl's app searches for videos across a wider range of sites than YouTube's does.

Squrl’s app searches for videos across a wider range of sites than YouTube’s does.

When Apple users start upgrading to iOS 6 this morning, it’ll be missing an app that’s been baked into the operating system since the release of the first iPhone: YouTube. For the first time, consumers will have to search for a video app on their own — and that has developers eager to get their attention.

Most consumers will doubtless start by simply downloading the YouTube iPhone app thatGoogle released last week. But for now, that one’s iPhone-only — an iPad version is months off. In the meantime, makers of other so-called video discovery apps are pouncing on a rare opportunity to gain users in large numbers.

They’re launching new versions to capitalize on YouTube’s sudden absence. They’re courting the tech press to get the word out. And they’re hoping users will follow. No one expects these apps to dethrone YouTube. But they’ve never had an opportunity like this before — and might not have another for ages.

Also in their favor: Apple is doing its best to help them along. Last week the company updated its App Store to showcase a wide range of video apps on the store’s “Featured” page, in a collection called “TV Time.” Notably, as we reported last week, YouTube was left off that list — while discovery apps like SqurlShowYou and Vidyou get prominent placement.

“Now all users will be faced with at least making a decision,” said Mark Gray, co-founder and CEO of Squrl.

All these apps make use of YouTube’s content, piping videos into their app using APIs. The value they add lies in the way they organize and surface videos to people looking for something interesting to watch — something that YouTube seems to be growing less interested in over time.

Building a better search
The question is whether, over time, users come to prefer a kind of universal search app to YouTube’s, which has become more narrowly focused on channels and subscriptions. Spend some time playing with apps like Squrl and ShowYou, and it’s easy to make a case for the former.

Squrl, which launched last year, launched a redesign today aimed at making finding easier. In addition to YouTube, it searches Netflix, Hulu, Ted, Vimeo, AOL and Blip.TV. You can also connect accounts from Twitter and Facebook to Squrl; it will collect all the links shared there over the day and show them to you whenever you’re ready to see them.

The app uses algorithms to track your video-watching habits and to suggest things it thinks you’d like to see. It also tracks videos that are trending across the Web.

In short, it finds videos in places that didn’t even exist when YouTube was created in 2005. YouTube remains the top video search engine, handling billions of queries a month. But it won’t find videos across the range of popular sites that have sprung up in YouTube’s wake, like Hulu, Netflix and Vimeo. Squrl and its fellow apps will.

For your basic cat videos, YouTube search will more than suffice. But what happens when you’re looking for a TV show or movie and aren’t sure which service it’s available on? Or when a video you thought was posted to YouTube is actually hosted on Vimeo?

As high-quality video migrates onto an ever-increasing number of platforms, YouTube search could become less useful. The need for an app that searches more broadly will only increase.

YouTube’s app is evolving to emphasize channels over user-generated content.

A changing YouTube
There’s a second factor that could play to the advantage of apps like Squrl: YouTube is changing.

The original iOS YouTube app, designed by Apple to Google’s specifications, shows us the YouTube we used to know. It prominently features the most-viewed videos of the day, along with a serendipitous assortment of “featured” videos.

It’s an app, in other words, that is built for discovery.

Now pull up the new YouTube app. Mostly what it will show you is the channels to which you’re subscribed. Occasionally your feed will include a recommendation based on other videos you’ve watched. But open the sidebar and YouTube’s focus on channels becomes clear: all your subscriptions are stacked on top of one another. “Popular” videos are buried at the bottom of that list, with no option to see the most viewed videos of the week or all time.

YouTube launched its channels initiative last year in an effort to attract viewers and advertisers that it couldn’t reach with the user-generated content that made the site famous. It invested $150 million in 100 or so channels, and in June said it would spend $200 million more.

The Wall Street Journal reported that YouTube already recouped its initial investment with advertising revenue generated from the project. But the new channels have been slow to produce breakout stars. Many of the site’s most-viewed channels rely on established stars and brands — and fewer than 20 channels are doing even 1 million views a week, according to AdAge. (The most viewed videos of the week, by contrast, average at least 2 million views.)

That suggests users are more interested in finding the quirky viral hits that made YouTube famous than they are subscribing to the low-budget pop culture gabfests that have become the new channels’ stock in trade. And if YouTube won’t drive traffic to those viral videos through its own apps, someone else is happy to.

“I don’t know if I would say the opportunity is huge,” said Mark Hall, the thoughtful founder and CEO of Remixation, which makes ShowYou, a Squrl competitor. “YouTube has a dominant, massive brand. It’s the no. 1 free app being downloaded right now from the app store. I wouldn’t want to overstate it and say that suddenly it’s an even playing field.

“But,” he added, “I definitely think it’s a good step forward for us.”

Even if they fail to crack the mainstream, the developers could be in for a rich payday. A company that solves video discovery to the tune of millions of users will be an attractive acquisition target to Google — a company that loves buying startups. If the Squrls of the world can’t beat YouTube, don’t be surprised if they join them.


Motorola unveils its first Intel-powered smartphone: Razr i

The Razr i is the Intel version of the Droid Razr M for Verizon Wireless. It’ll sell in Latin America and Europe.


The Razr i with an Intel Atom processor.

After years of talk, Intel is finally making some headway into the smartphone business

Motorola Mobility is the latest company to unveil a smartphone, the Razr i, to be powered by an Intel processor. The Razr i is essentially the recently announced Droid Razr M for Verizon Wireless, only with the different processor. It will be available in Europe and Latin America.

The Razr i is one of a handful of smartphones now running on an Intel Atom processor, further evidence that Intel is establishing a beachhead — albeit a small one — in the mobile arena. Intel has shrugged off criticism that its chips were too power-hungry and inefficient to run in smartphones and has partnered up with major players such as Motorola, Orange, Lenovo, and ZTE.

Intel is racing to expand its presence in the mobile world as its core PC business faces a looming slowdown, with consumers shifting their disposable income toward smartphones andtablets and away from laptops and desktops. Motorola, meanwhile, is looking for other supplier options beyond stalwarts such as Qualcomm.

The Razr i, like the Razr M, features Motorola’s near edge-to-edge display, cramming a 4.3-inch screen into a fairly compact design. The big differences are under the hood. The phone packs a single core 2-gigahertz Atom Z2480 “Medfield” chip — the first Motorola phone to achieve those speeds. The processor allows the camera to capture 10 shots in less than a second and has a dedicated camera key — features not available on the Qualcomm Snapdragon-powered Razr M.

Motorola has made a lot of hay about the battery life on its latest Droid phones, and the Razr i isn’t any different. The phone has 20 hours of “mixed use” time, or Motorola’s proprietary measure of a person’s normal smartphone routine. Jim Wicks, senior vice president of consumer experience design for Motorola, noted the phone lasted a bit longer than the Razr M.

That directly addresses the concern that Intel’s processors weren’t as efficient as Qualcomm’s Snapdragon or Nvidia’s Tegra processors, a stigma that’s long dogged Intel’s efforts in the mobile business.

Mike Bell, vice president and general manager for Intel’s mobile computing group, said he liked having two comparable devices using rival processors out in the market, which allow them to be easily stacked up.

“We’re thrilled to get another proof point out there,” Bell said. “We’re proud to show off the capabilities.”

The Razr i also features an 8-megapixel camera and a 2,000-milliamp battery, and runs Android 4.0, or Ice Cream Sandwich, just like the Razr M.

The phone features a penta band antenna, which means it can roam in the U.S., and is compatible with HSPA+ 14 networks run by AT&T and T-Mobile.

Important for Intel, the back of the phone will carry the Intel Inside logo, a nice step toward getting consumers to start associating the company with smartphones.

The phone marks the first to come out of a partnership announced at the Consumer Electronics Show in January. The alliance was seen as a significant stepping stone for Intel to get deeper into the smartphone market, with Motorola a unit of Google, which runs the Android ecosystem.

Motorola’s Droid Razr M is lovely, compact yet powerful


Motorola unveils its first Intel-powered smartphone: Razr i

Tools For The Internet – This Blog Will Help You Explore Tools For The Internet

Alibaba: Google just plain wrong about our OS

The Chinese search giant says Google is “just speculating” about its Aliyun operating system, and insists it’s different than Android.

Chinese search giant Alibaba is disputing Google’s claim that Alibaba’s new Aliyun operating system is a forked and incompatible version of Android and thus can’t be used by phone maker Acer.

In a blog post yesterday, Google’s Andy Rubin said “the Aliyun OS incorporates the Android runtime and was apparently derived from Android.”

CNET asked Alibaba’s John Spelich about Rubin’s/Google’s claims and about whether there are elements of Android in Aliyun, and here’s what we got in response: “They have no idea and are just speculating. Aliyun is different.”

Google took some heat earlier this week for seemingly using its clout to squash a burgeoning mobile OS. Alibaba, an e-commerce company, is known as the Google of China, and wanted to follow Google’s playbook and build its own OS. Acer was set to include the OS in a handset, but those plans were apparently scuttled by Google, which said that while Alibaba built its own OS, it lifted elements of Android.

But Spelich told CNET in an e-mail that Aliyun is “not a fork. Ours is built on open-source Linux.” And he added that Aliyun “has our own applications. [It’s] designed to run cloud apps designed in our own ecosystem. [It] can run some but not all Android apps.”

He also accused the Android ecosystem of being closed and restrictive:

Aliyun is an open-source based OS that is also an open ecosystem that allows others to host their mobile-enabled Web sites in our cloud and we make those Web sites available to users who use Aliyun OS phones. So we are an ecosystem that includes other Internet companies, whereas Android does not because it provides apps through downloads. It’s the crux of the whole cloud vs. app debate. Cloud is open, apps system is closed because it is controlled by the operator of the apps marketplace. So you see: Two competing ecosystems, one that’s open through the cloud, the other is closed and restricts users to only the apps that they want you to see.

Alibaba accused Google on Thursday of forcing Acer to drop its support of Aliyun. Acer had originally scheduled a press conference that day to show off the first Aliyun-powered smartphone but was told by Google that the Android maker would cease providing its support if Acer followed through. As a result, the conference was halted.

Alibaba cried foul. “Our partner was notified by Google that if the product runs Aliyun OS, Google will terminate its Android-related cooperation and other technology licensing with our partner,” Alibaba said in a statement e-mailed to CNET on Thursday.

The accusation prompted Rubin to call out Aliyun as a forked version of Android that’s modified to the extent that it’s incompatible with other Android devices. As a member of the Open Handset Alliance, Acer is forbidden from using such an operating system, he said.

“Compatibility is at the heart of the Android ecosystem and ensures a consistent experience for developers, manufacturers, and consumers,” Google said in an e-mailed statement yesterday. “Noncompatible versions of Android, like Aliyun, weaken the ecosystem.”

Alibaba: Google just plain wrong about our OS   


Windows XP users to lose Google Apps support in Internet Explorer

Per its year-old policy on supporting browsers, Google will discontinue support for IE8 when version 10 ships in November.


Millions of Internet Explorer users who work with Google Apps are about to need an upgraded browser — but if they’re using Windows XP or earlier, they may be out of luck.

Google said today that it would end Google Apps support for Internet Explorer 8, the most widely used version of the venerable browser. But Microsoft blocks Windows XP users from installing more recent versions of IE, owing to the way device drivers are handled inside Vista and Windows 7.

Users facing that dilemma have at least one easy way around that dilemma — install Chrome! — but plenty of IT managers frown on that sort of thing, particularly in government and education settings.

Google’s support for IE 8 will end November 15, shortly after the introduction of Internet Explorer 10 on October 26.

“Each time a new version of one of these browsers is released, we begin supporting the update and stop supporting the third-oldest version,” the company explained in a blog post.

More Internet Explorer users are on IE 8 than any other version, according to NetMarketShare.

Windows XP users to lose Google Apps support in Internet Explorer

Final Push Brings Google Fiber To Over 80 Percent Of Kansas City

By Zach Walton

Final Push Brings Google Fiber To Over 80 Percent Of Kansas City

A lot of us who want faster Internet at better prices are putting all of our chips in with Google Fiber. If the program is a success in Kansas City, they’ll bring the service to other citiesaround the country. Such an expansion is more likely now thanks to Kansas City exceeding all expectations.

For a bit of background, Google was rolling out Fiber to areas of Kansas City called “Fiberhoods.” If enough people in the area signed up for Fiber, Google would bring Fiber to that block. It was looking bad for a while as 50 percent of neighborhoods weren’t signing up for Fiber. That all changed at the last minute as Google reports that 180 out of 202 fiberhoods have now qualified for the service.

The exciting part about this number is that it’s not even the final tally. Google is still processing all of the apartment complexes and condos that signed up for the service. They’ll share the final tally on Thursday and it should be higher than the current count.

Google Fiber is a sure thing for over 80 percent of Kansas City, but the whole process has brought up some interesting information on how the regular populace views the Internet. It was mentioned above that Google was actually having trouble signing people up for Fiber. Why did people not want faster Internet? They found that some residents of Kansas City just didn’t think the Internet was relevant to their lives. Google’s findings coincide with the findings from the FCC that found rural communities didn’t care about getting faster Internet because they didn’t feel it was important.

To remedy that, Google partnered with local organizations to spread the word on the importance of the Internet. They also probably told them about that sweet deal where all schools and public facilities inside fiberhoods would get free Fiber Internet. People on the other side of the digital divide may not understand the importance of the Internet for themselves, but most realize that it’s a good thing for schools and hospitals. Even if they don’t get Fiber, Google will give them free Internet for a $300 construction fee.

We’ll continue to follow the interesting tale of Google Fiber as it makes its way into homes later this year. It has the potential to change the ISP market on a grand scale if it takes off. The response in Kansas City seems to indicate that we just might start seeing Google Fiber pop up all over the place.

Final Push Brings Google Fiber To Over 80 Percent Of Kansas City

5 reasons Google will rule small tablets

The Android maker is poised to dominate smaller tablets. Here’s why.

Apple — with its maket-leading gadgets and astounding market cap — may appear to rule tech. But there is one category in which it is not setting the pace: mini-tablets. Rumors of a tablet smaller than the iPad abound, but so far nada. Why would Apple even delve into the category when the iPad trounces every other tablet out there? There’s a market for a smaller form factor. Amazon’s spartan, $200 Kindle Fire sold well last holiday shopping season for instance.

Google’s Nexus 7 really shows the potential of the segment, however. Analysts and reviewers have characterized it as the product to put out the Kindle’s flame. Until recently, Google has been developing its mobile operating system for phones and tablets used by Samsung, Asus, HTC, Amazon and many others. With a direct-to-consumers model, Google wants a piece of the content consumption market via its own media store, Google Play. Question is, can the Nexus 7 eclipse the Kindle Fire and compete with whatever Apple may unveil in the coming months?

The Price

The Price

At $199 for the 8GB model, $249 for 16 GB, the Nexus 7 should be very attractive. In a weak economy, there is real demand for a lower priced device that can be easily held in one hand. Can you browse, shop, read, watch videos, movies, TV shows and play games on the Nexus 7? Yes, you can, and it puts the Kindle Fire to shame says virtually every tablet reviewer and analyst out there. Where Apple prices its smaller iPad will be a factor: you can assume the company is not about to give up per-device margins.



The Nexus 7 utilizes Android 4.1, also known as Jelly Bean, Google’s latest tablet operating system. It is zippy and responsive. With 9 to 10 hours of battery life and weighing in at ¾ of a pound, it boasts a 1280 x 800 resolution with scratch-resistant glass, a front-facing camera and Wi-Fi. Amazon, for one, should be nervous. Google’s hardware partners selling tablets with older versions of Android will be playing catch up. Right now, the Nexus 7 with the optimized Jelly Bean OS is heralded as the best mini tablet available.



Yes, Apple has a major advantage with its gorgeous retail outlets. But unlike Google’s ill-fated Nexus phone, the Nexus tablet has strong retail distribution at Sam’s Club, Sears, Gamestop, Costco, Fry’s and Office Depot. That puts it ahead of competitors — ones that run its own operating system.



Android is a popular mobile OS brand, but it’s an engine and not the car. Nexus 7 is the shiny new car — a complete experience — at a reasonable price. More broadly, Google’s push into building its own hardware is likely to give it a chance to really showcase what its software can do.



Google would not comment about its future marketing plans, but did say it had a television ad that ran during the Olympics. By getting its tablet out early, it has given itself an advantage. If competitors don’t significantly improve their offerings for the holidays, it will have an even stronger head start.

5 reasons Google will rule small tablets

Google will lay off 4,000 workers

Positions at Motorola Mobility to be eliminated

A Motorola Mobility Xoom tablet is shown in 2011 at Google headquarters in Mountain View. On Monday, Google announced it will cut about 4,000 jobs at its Motorola Mobility cellphone business and will close or consolidate about one-third of its 90 locations

By Peter Svensson

Google Inc. is making its largest round of layoffs ever as it announced plans to cut about 4,000 jobs at Motorola Mobility just three months after buying the struggling cellphone pioneer.

The move isn’t surprising given years of plummeting sales at Motorola, but it signals that Google doesn’t intend to drag Motorola along as a money-losing venture.

After the announcement, Google’s stock rose $18.01, or 2.8 percent, to close Monday at $660.01.

The reductions represent about 20 percent of Motorola Mobility’s 20,000 employees and 7 percent of Google’s overall work force. Google says two-thirds of the job cuts will take place outside of the U.S.

Google, which has been growing for more than a decade, doesn’t have a history of mass layoffs. In previous rounds of layoffs, Google at most had cut a few hundred workers.

Motorola, however, cut thousands of jobs in recent years as its cellphone division saw sales plummet. Although it pioneered the U.S. cellphone industry in the 1980s, it hasn’t produced a mass-market hit since it introduced the Razr cellphone in 2004. Once the second-largest phone maker in the world, Motorola no longer ranks in the top 5.

Google workers ride bikes April 12 outside of Google headquarters in Mountain View.

Motorola now makes phones that run on Google’s Android operating software, but rivals such as Samsung Electronics Co. have been more successful at it.

Motorola split into two in early 2011. Google snapped up Motorola Mobility, the half that makes cellphones and cable set-top boxes, for $12.4 billion. Motorola Solutions, which makes police scanners and other professional products, remains a separate company.

The Motorola deal is Google’s largest acquisition ever and plunges it into the business of consumer products. It puts Google in a position of competing with the same companies it considers partners.

Google has pledged to keep the Motorola hardware business separate from its Android software division and promised to treat Motorola like an outside company. It turned to AsusTek Computer Inc. rather than its own division to make a Google-branded tablet computer called Nexus 7.

Google’s chief goal in buying Motorola was to use its large patent portfolio to bolster its legal defenses.

Apple has been suing Samsung, Motorola and other makers of Android smartphones, saying they copied the iPhone. By acquiring Motorola’s patents and transferring them to Android phone makers such as HTC Corp., Google can bolster their legal defenses and set them up to counter-sue Apple.

Morgan Stanley analyst Scott Devitt wrote in a morning report, before Google’s announcement, that he believes Google is limiting its ambitions for Motorola Mobility, a strategy he believes to be good for investors.

Devitt expects Google to curtail Motorola to producing just a few smartphone designs per year and perhaps some tablets as well.

Before the acquisition, Motorola had been trying to turn itself around by focusing on smartphones, which have higher profit margins than regular cellphones.

In the first quarter, Motorola sold 5.1 million smartphones and 3.7 million “dumb” phones. The cuts announced Monday will shift the company toward smartphones even further.

The migration toward smartphones has slowed Motorola’s decline, but it has still lost money in 14 out of the past 16 quarters.

Google said in a filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission that the latest cuts are intended to make the business profitable.

But the company warned that investors should expect revenue to fluctuate over the next few quarters, and sales will drop before the cost savings take effect.

Severance payments will cost Google about $275 million, which will largely be charged in the current quarter. The company also expects to book an unspecified amount in restructuring charges, mostly in the quarter.

Google also said it will close or consolidate about one-third of its 90 locations.

Google will lay off 4,000 workers

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